Pain Management: Every patient receives pain medication prior to their dental procedure. Patients requiring oral surgery receive additional pain medication, including local anesthesia to numb the surgical site. This allows us to keep the level of general anesthesia very low and provides excellent post-operative pain control.
Complete Oral Examination: Each tooth is carefully examined by your veterinarian, who also performs a full examination of the oral cavity. The photos below reveal diseased teeth identified during examination.
(Slab-fracture of a tooth) (Severe gingivitis and periodontal
disease in a feline)
Dental Radiographs: Just like in people, dental radiographs are an essential component of dental evaluation. Every patient will receive full mouth digital radiographs. Most periodontal disease is hidden below the gum-line and radiographs allow visualization of problems that would otherwise go undetected. The examples below reveal dental disease found when radiographs were taken.
(Tooth resorption) (Severe periodontal disease (Tooth root abscess)
Dental Scaling and Polishing: We use specialized ultrasonic scalers that safely and gently remove calculus (tartar) and plaque from the tooth surface and below the gum line. All tooth surfaces are then polished to create a smooth enamel surface, delaying the reattachment of plaque.
Oravet Barrier Treatment: The application of Oravet to tooth surfaces helps reduce plaque and tartar (calculus) formation on your pet's teeth between dental cleanings. It does this by creating an invisible barrier that helps prevent bacteria from attaching. Oravet home care kits are available and recommended for use, in addition to daily tooth brushing.
Extractions: Excessively diseased teeth with periodontal disease, endodontic disease, fractured teeth, tooth resorption, or other problems may need to be surgically extracted. Ifyour pet has extractions performed they will be sent home with special dietary instructions and potentially other medications. All patients having extractions done will go home with pain medication. An example of a tooth that was extracted can be seen below.
(Before upper molar extraction) (After upper molar extraction)
During dental procedures many safety precautions are taken. All patients receive intravenous catheters and fluid therapy. This allows immediate access for administration of pain medication, anesthetics, and rarely emergency medication. Fluid therapy helps to maintain tissue perfusion, blood pressure and prevents dehydration.
Pre-anesthetic Blood work: Healthy-looking pets may be hiding symptoms of a significant medical problem. Bloodwork performed prior to your pet's dental procedure allows identification of a major organ or metabolic abnormality that could be affecting your pet. The anesthetic procedure may then be altered to ensure safety.
Anesthesia and Monitoring: Anesthesia is required for a safe, effective and comfortable dental cleaning and is tailored to each individual patient based on age, breed, weight, and medical history. During anesthesia, a veterinary nurse and veterinarian will closely monitor numerous vital signs including heart rate and rhythm, blood pressure, carbon dioxide level, percent of oxygenation of the blood, respiratory rate and body temperature to make sure everything is going smoothly. We use state-of-the-art monitors and direct hands-on evaluations to monitor your pet throughout the dental procedure.
Home Care: In order to prevent progressive disease, all patients are encouraged to start a home prevention program, such as tooth brushing, Oravet plaque inhibitor, dental diet, and/or other oral care products. Patients that require oral surgery will be given pain medication, special diet instructions, and possibly antibiotics to go home. We will schedule a courtesy follow-up visit in 1-2 weeks after the procedure to ensure proper healing.